Research for a “Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) ” – Albania

Official project name:Structured Learning for Awareness in Media
Project acronym:#SLAM
Project lifetime:15/11/2019 – 16/11/2021
Project number:608486-EPP-1-2019-1-BA-EPPKA2-CBY-WB – SLAM
Project webpage:www.slam.net
Project hastag:#SLAM
Project Facebook group:https://www.facebook.com/groups/712648785881624/


Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) aims at enhancing young people’s awareness and critical thinking on the role of Mass Media as a challenge and precondition for more inclusive societies towards migrants and refugees. The Council of Europe’s Report “Media Regulatory Authorities and Hate Speech” (2018) underlines the historical significance of media in enticing and feeding the climate of hatred and violence characterizing West Balkan’s turbulent past. The Balkans are still a primary example of media consciously or even deliberately using hate speech for sensationalistic purposes, thereby supporting it and causing its recurrence and reinforcement at the societal level. Bosnia and Herzegovina has recently taken a foremost importance as a transit node for migrants and refugees seeking entrance in EU territory, a trend which the UNHCR (2018) recognized as exponentially increasing in 2018, from the 198 arrivals in December 2017 to the 666 registered in the peak month of March 2018. The strain posed on the local relief system by this surge has contributed to a growing sense of local unrest and discontent, which national mass media have so far been able to answer by providing the public with awareness and understanding circa the phenomenon, in many instances providing an amplifier to internal currents of distrust, hate and stereotyping. From the European perspective, significant indications might be extracted from analysing media coverage about the reception and integration of migrants/refugees. The CoE in its 2017 Report “Media coverage of the refugee crisis: a cross-European perspective” underlines the role played by media in fuelling societal hate speech as consisting in an abetting/legitimacy factor to explicit hate speech brought about by shallow and sensationalistic coverage. Against this backdrop, there emerges the opportunity of exploring the similarities, differences and potential synthesis among the different yet interrelated challenges faced by West Balkans countries and Europe within a transnational effort aimed at laying the grounds of a greater media literacy and critical thinking at the level of the youth and, by extension, of society as a means to provide an antidote against phenomena of hate speech and a building block of successful integration processes.


ABOUT RESEARCH:

–              Research on Challenges and Good Practices. A context report outlining the challenges of media coverage and literacy about migration/refugee.  A total of 10 national good practices of youth media literacy with concern to migrants/refugees’ issues to be collected by each partner organization.

–              National processing of data. Producing a Report exploring the gaps between national challenges and the existing good practices as well as outlining specific indications.

TOPIC OF RESEARCH: “The Challenges of Media Coverage and Literacy About Migration/Refugee Issues”
Number of Research:No. 1
  Good practice name:Article: “Syrian refugees find a home in Albania“
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  This article was nicely written by a journalist and it also included an interview with a Syrian Immigrant in Albania, promoting Albania as a good example of how the government and the people themselves have welcomed and helped refugees coming especially from war countries such as Syria.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)Deutsche Welle in Albanian
  Website (if available):https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/6159/syrian-refugees-find-a-home-in-albania
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)This is definitely a positive story shared by the media, so everybody that reads it, especially the immigrants or refugees, can understand that there are many countries that can offer them some good opportunities to live and develop themselves. Most of them are tending to go to Western European countries, and they are facing so many difficulties for that, but instead they can choose to stay in a small, modest, but welcoming country as Albania.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):This article is a very good example of how the media can spread positivity regarding this topic. The whole article is kindly written, fully respectful towards the immigrants and the locals.  
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 2
  Good practice name:Coverage: “Hungry and abused: Albania deprives refugees of minimal rights”
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  In this coverage, reporters of BIRN Albania, show the difficult conditions in which refugees live in the National Asylum Seeker Center, in outskirts of Tirana. They are totally realistic. The reports have interviewed many on the Refugees and all of them tell the same things: The conditions there do not reach any of the basic human rights. The representative of The Albanian Community of Helsinki says that the Albanian government is obliged to fulfill all the necessary conditions for the refugees, due to the International Convents for Refugees.
Organization that has implemented t   he good practice: (name of the organization)BIRN Albania
  Website (if available):https://birn.eu.com/network/birn-albania/   https://www.reporter.al/te-uritur-dhe-te-dhunuar-shqiperia-u-privon-refugjateve-te-drejtat-minimale/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)This coverage is a good example of how the media supports and tries to make the voices of refugees heard. It actually shows to the public the need of the refugees for help, especially to those who have no idea of National Asylum Seeker Centre existence. People tend to be more empathic after they read this coverage.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):Unfortunately, the issue of refugees is not well known in Albania. Most of the people have no idea of what is happening here with the refugees and this coverage is a very good example of informing the people of what is happening in their country.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 3
  Good practice name:Confessions: Refugees and COVID-19, between the difficult conditions and the inability to move on
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  This article contains some confessions of the refugees about the difficulties they have faced and continue to face, some very important definitions related to this issue, some statistics and also the declaration of the representative of UNHCR in Albania related to the conditions of the refugees in Albania.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)Citizens Channel
  Website (if available):https://citizens-channel.com/2020/07/16/refugjatet-e-huaj-ne-shqiperi-gjate-izolimit-covid-19-mes-kushteve-te-veshtira-dhe-pamundesise-per-te-levizur/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)The best practise of this confession is the fact that the reporter has included a well detailed definition of the term “Refugee”. This definition, helps the reader to fully understand the conditions and the reason why these people are situated for the moment in Albania.   After the confessions of some refugees, who also show the bad conditions of the National Asylum Seeker Centre, the reporter has done a comparison of the number of the asylum seekers during 2019 and 2020. This comparison shows that the number of asylum seekers has increased by 30% during 2020.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):Including the definition of the terms used in the article and the statistics is a good practise, because it helps the readers to understand better the situation and therefor the information they get is more accurate.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 4
  Good practice name:The pandemic situation blocks the refugees in Albania.
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  In this article are clearly stated the consequences the COVID-19 brought to the refugees in Albania. This article clarifies why is that suddenly Tirana became  full of refugees and why is that people see them all around the streets of the center of Tirana.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)The Voice of America and the organisation: Faktoje.
  Website (if available):https://www.zeriamerikes.com/a/5470717.html
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)Nowadays media is all the time talking about the negative effects of pandemic situation on businesses, Albanian poor families and so on, but this time the media is reflecting the all the consequences that the virus brought to the refugees.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):The holistic approach is the best practice and should be adopted by other media as well.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 5
  Good practice name:Where does the respect of the rights of emigrants, refugees and asylum seekers in Albania fail?
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  This article except of showing again the conditions which the refugees are facing in Albania, it also includes a declaration of one of the best Albanian lawyers. 
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)Faktoje
  Website (if available):https://faktoje.al/ku-calon-respektimi-i-te-drejtave-te-emigranteve-refugjateve-dhe-azilkerkuesve-ne-shqiperi/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)This time this media supports the migrants and refugees situation by the legal point of view.  
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):Describing the situation of migrants and refugees it’s not enough. This is why the reporters have also analysed their situation by the legal part and also has contacted a lawyer for some recommendations for the government.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 6
  Good practice name:The law and rules for migrants and refugees.
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  On this report they are focused on the consequences of the bad migrant and refugees situation in Albania for the locals. There are many burglary happening in the nearby houses of the National Asylum Seeker Center.
Organization that has implemented the  good practice: (name of the organization)Top Channel Albania
  Website (if available):https://top-channel.tv/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)  All the other reports are mainly focused on the difficulties the Migrants or refugees have, but this one has a big focus on the problems that the locals have because of them and of this crises. The migrants should wait three days to get their permission to stay in Albania but they do not respect this role. Most of them come around in Tirana and its outskirts without this permission.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):This difficult situation should be seen from a holistic point of view as in this report. The authorities want to find out since the beginning how many of the migrants are Asylum Seekers in Albania and want to live and work in Albania.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 7
  Good practice name:Statement by the leader of the Institute for Democracy Armela Xhaho
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  The statistics show an increasing number of refugees and migrants in Albania. We should be careful about this because we might have an overpopulation of the asylum centers.  Due to this there might be delays to fulfilling the rights of the migrants or refugees.  
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)Voice of America
  Website (if available):https://www.zeriamerikes.com/a/5470608.html
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)The representative of UNHCR, Zapata: There are also many young children unaccompanied that come in Albania. We do not have a proper system to identify medically or psychologically if they are minor or not. We need a special centre for the children because they have special needs.   
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):The government sent at the Assembly at the beginning od June, the draft law for the Asylum. All of this is done as part of Albania’s obligations towards the European Union. The representatives of the NGO that are focused on migrant’s rights say that the legislation is okay, but they face difficulties while applying it.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 8
  Good practice name: 
  Country of implementation: 
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  Every foreign clandestine that comes in Albania, has the right to ask for asylum from our country. Until now, there have been 60 foreign citizens, politically persecuted in their countries. In Tirana, there is an office for the refugees.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)KLAN Television
  Website (if available):https://tvklan.al/     
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)
This report says that are excepted 15 of all the requests to give asylum. from all the requests. These people are from Iraq, Sudan and an Albanian from Montenegro.  According to Idar Bistrit, juristi i kësaj zyre, pasi the lawyer of the refugees office in Tirana, it is a must that the person asking for asylum live in Albania and prove that he/she/them are politically persecuted in their homeland.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):This can be considered as a good practise due to the concrete information it transmits. It shows another part of the issue. There aren’t only refugees wanting to go in EU countries, but also some of them want to stay in Albania and live their life here.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 9
  Good practice name:Reporting about the migrants and refugees. Media recommendations
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted  It is important for the reporters, journalists, editors and the photographers to understand that when they do mistakes other people suffer because of that. The careless and unprofessional work regarding the issue of migrants and refugees, in a way or another will always hurt the defenseless. This is why UNCHR has published this great manual with advices and recommendations about the media.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)UNHCR
  Website (if available):https://www.unhcr.org/see/wp-content/uploads/sites/57/2019/02/Reporting-on-Refugees-ALB-FINAL.pdf
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.)The manual gives answer to the most important questions: Who is a migrant, who is a refugee, who is a asylum seeker what is the difference between them? etc. Then it continues with some recommendations for during the process of interviewing these target groups: taking photo and recording videos, reporting it to media.  
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):This manual transmits these  main points where to be focused while working with the refugees, migrants and asylum seekers: 1-Be based on facts and not in judgements 2-Get to know the law 3-Show humanism 4-Be the voice of everyone 5-Challenge the hate  
0Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 10
  Good practice name:The annual report of the National Asylum Seeker Center in Albania
  Country of implementation:Albania
  Short description: Short description of good practice to be highlighted   The National Asylum Seeker Center presents this report focused on the work and institutional activity during 2019, through a detailed analysis. This report shows the achieved results ad also the problems the Center has faced during this time.
Organization that has implemented the good practice: (name of the organization)The National Asylum Seeker Center
  Website (if available):https://mb.gov.al/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/RAPORT-VJETOR-2019-QKPA.pdf
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice: (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) The year 2019 has been very important and challenging for the Centre because it has been a bigger number of asylum seekers that are accommodated at this centre, compared to the previous year. The asylum seekers were people from Morocco, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan etc.  the Centre’s priority has been to organize the accommodation and offering the necessary services.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities: (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful):In this report they have presented in details the achievement of the Centre, the legal procedures for asylum seeking, the collaboration of the centre with the police, the financial part and the financial plan of the centre, the problems faced during 2019 and the priorities and objectives of the year 2020.
Picture: Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)    Source: ………………………
Disclaimer

This report constitutes one of the deliverables of the BRAVO-led “SLAM” project, co-funded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union.

The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

For any comment on this research, please contact BRAVO: [email protected]

Project researchers
ORGANIZATIONCOUNTRYNAME OF RESEARCHER
Youth for Social ChangesAlbaniaGentjan Hajdari

In this report have been used materials from all project events and public recourses and information.

Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

Research for a “Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) ” in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Official project name:Structured Learning for Awareness in Media
Project acronym: #SLAM
Project lifetime: 15/11/2019 – 16/11/2021
Project number: 608486-EPP-1-2019-1-BA-EPPKA2-CBY-WB – SLAM
Project webpage: www.slam.net 
Project hastag: #SLAM
Project Facebook group:https://www.facebook.com/groups/712648785881624/
Introduction


Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) aims at enhancing young people’s awareness and critical thinking on the role of Mass Media as a challenge and precondition for more inclusive societies towards migrants and refugees. The Council of Europe’s Report “Media Regulatory Authorities and Hate Speech” (2018) underlines the historical significance of media in enticing and feeding the climate of hatred and violence characterizing West Balkan’s turbulent past. The Balkans are still a primary example of media consciously or even deliberately using hate speech for sensationalistic purposes, thereby supporting it and causing its recurrence and reinforcement at the societal level. Bosnia and Herzegovina has recently taken a foremost importance as a transit node for migrants and refugees seeking entrance in EU territory, a trend which the UNHCR (2018) recognized as exponentially increasing in 2018, from the 198 arrivals in December 2017 to the 666 registered in the peak month of March 2018. The strain posed on the local relief system by this surge has contributed to a growing sense of local unrest and discontent, which national mass media have so far been able to answer by providing the public with awareness and understanding circa the phenomenon, in many instances providing an amplifier to internal currents of distrust, hate and stereotyping. From the European perspective, significant indications might be extracted from analysing media coverage about the reception and integration of migrants/refugees. The CoE in its 2017 Report “Media coverage of the refugee crisis: a cross-European perspective” underlines the role played by media in fuelling societal hate speech as consisting in an abetting/legitimacy factor to explicit hate speech brought about by shallow and sensationalistic coverage. Against this backdrop, there emerges the opportunity of exploring the similarities, differences and potential synthesis among the different yet interrelated challenges faced by West Balkans countries and Europe within a transnational effort aimed at laying the grounds of a greater media literacy and critical thinking at the level of the youth and, by extension, of society as a means to provide an antidote against phenomena of hate speech and a building block of successful integration processes.


ABOUT RESEARCH:


–           Research on Challenges and Good Practices. A context report outlining the challenges of media coverage and literacy about migration/refugee.  A total of 10 national good practices of youth media literacy with concern to migrants/refugees’ issues to be collected by each partner organization.


–           National processing of data. Producing a Report exploring the gaps between national challenges and the existing good practices as well as outlining specific indications.


TOPIC OF RESEARCH:  “The Challenges of Media Coverage and Literacy About Migration/Refugee Issues”
Number of Research:No. 1
  Good practice name: Aid for Migrants
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedFrom the beginning of migrant crisis in Balkans IFS-EMMAUS tried to provide assistance for migrants, left captured within the borders of ex-Yugoslavian countries. Firstly IFS-EMMAUS provided food and hygiene assistance in Belgrade, and that support continued after they moved to territory of B&H, especially in Velika Kladuša and Sarajevo. In 2019 hundreds of migrants arrived in Tuzla where they usually stayed near Field office of Foreigners Service, and bus station from where they tried to continue their journey towards the EU. IFS-EMMAUS for months stands ready to welcome the growing arrival of migrants to Tuzla, coming across Serbia from Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Bangladesh, Eritrea, India and Sudan. More than 150 warm meals, tea and coffee as refreshment after a long and exhausting walk, were provided for this people daily, which is around 1.000 meals per week. They were provided with a shower, clean clothes and footwear as well as medical intervention in the form of repair and bandaging of wounds resulting from walking. We provide around 150 such interventions per week. Today IFS-EMMAUS runs two safe houses for migrants in Tuzla.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)International Forum of Solidarity Emmaus – IFS-EMMAUS
  Website (if available): https://mfs-emmaus.ba/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice how Humanitarian organization and NGO acted upon migrant crisis.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Good practice is because of the fact where government failed or didn`t want to succeed, civil society organizations did.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://www.facebook.com/mfsemmaus1/photos/a.379926768877524/1377084772495047/?type=3&theater 
Number of Research:No. 2
  Good practice name: Protection, advocacy and health assistance
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedDRC in BiH focuses on improving access to primary and secondary health care including psychosocial and mental health services to refugees, migrants and asylum seekers, as well as on enhancing the overall protective environment, with a focus on case management in SGBV (Sexual and Gender Based Violence) and timely outreach protection response to rights violations in border areas.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)The Danish Refugee Council (DRC)
  Website (if available): https://drc.ngo/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice how international NGOs help migrants in foreign country.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) decided to re-open its office in the country in late July 2018, with main office in Sarajevo and a field office in Bihać (Una-Sana canton) with activities implemented in Una-Sana, Herzegovina-Neretva, Sarajevo and Tuzla cantons, aiming at supporting the BiH authorities in managing increased migration flows and corresponding challenges in the country.   Programmatically DRC with the support of ECHO, UNHCR and UNICEF focuses on two main sectors of intervention:   Protection and advocacy on behalf of persons of concern Health assistance through support to direct health care responders
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://drc.ngo/where-we-work/europe/bosnia-and-herzegovina 
Number of Research:No. 3
  Good practice name: Migration Management
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedThe IOM, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and the Ministry of Security of BH, amongst others, are executing a project to implement certain parts of the Strategy and further build the capacity of the Ministry of Security to manage migration issues.   Bosnia and Herzegovina divides migration competences among a large number of agencies and though the capacity exists, there is a need to reinforce and enhance existing structures to ensure that the Ministry of Security can liaise promptly and effectively with the EU and other relevant stakeholders.   There is thus a need to strengthen mechanisms for collecting, sharing, and analysing data, and to augment the sharing of information. The strengthening of a structure to serve as point of reference for the EU and other relevant counterparts to attain any information pertaining to migration in BH, as well as an overview of the general situation in the country.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Website (if available):  https://bih.iom.int 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Building on existing structures of the Ministry of Security, such as the Sector for Immigration.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Serves to enhance communication and efficiency, but also the coherence of migration management, ensuring that all state and non-state actors in BH are able to pursue a consistent agenda.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://www.facebook.com/IOMUNBH/photos/a.1793229964238153/2787831321444674/?type=3&theater 
Number of Research:No. 4
  Good practice name: Inclusion in the BiH education system
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedTwenty-two migrant and refugee children residing in the “House for All” in Ilidza have been enrolled in the ‘First Primary School’ in Ilidza.   Inclusion in the education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina contributes to overcoming the trauma that these children have experienced and ensures their basic rights are respected. Within the EU funded project “EU support for migration and border management in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, World Vision BiH, in cooperation with UNICEF conducted preparatory activities for the inclusion of  migrant and refugee children in the education system in BiH.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Website (if available): https://bih.iom.int 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice of inclusion of migrants into the educational system.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): In this example we have proof that migrant can successfully be included in everyday life and society. It can be considered as completed inclusion when children have chance to pursue their education.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://europa.ba/?p=61685 
Number of Research:No. 5
  Good practice name: Clothing and footwear
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedSince September 2019, the Community Service Center PUŽ is one of the organizations that ensures the distribution of non-food items for people on the move located in Tuzla.   During this period, significant support in donations came from the Swiss NGO “Amel – be human help others”.   Amel in partnership with another organization Borderfree Association collected and delivered a significant donation of clothing, footwear, outdoor items and hygiene items that were distributed.   Through this action in the period from January to March 2020, over 650 people on the move got what they lacked, but above all the dignity that comes from being able to access clean clothes and quality footwear.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Community Service Center PUŽ
  Website (if available): www.puz.ba 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Having clean and quality clothes and footwear are life essentials.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: http://www.puz.ba/view-more/odjeca-i-obuca-za-ljude-u-pokretu/129    https://www.fokus.ba/vijesti/bih/humanitarne-organizacije-na-15-stepeni-u-bih-migranti-ce-umirati-od-smrzavanja/1317134/ 
Number of Research:No. 6
  Good practice name: Letter of Humanity
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedMuslim congregation and Elementary school “Zalik” from Salakovac help migrant and refugee with Packets of food, children's toys, hygiene and letter of hope that one day everything will be fine. The idea was developed in the memory of several of our members who during the war as children received packages with toys from their peers from all over the world, so they wished that their children today send similar messages of condolence to their peers staying at the Salakovac Center.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Muslim congregation and Elementary school “Zalik”
  Website (if available): https://kiosk.ba/postovi/vijesti/bih/dzemat-i-osnovna-skola-zalik-pomogli-migrante-u-salakovcu/6658/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, media and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Packets of food, children's toys and hygiene items for children’s smiles.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  https://kiosk.ba/DynamicContent/images/posts/6658/salakovac-pomoc.jpg
Number of Research:No. 7
  Good practice name: Humanity first
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedRed Cross  Novo Sarajevo with some local Elementary school prepared food packages and hygiene. Students made packages with toys, clothes and some letter for the children. They made it with love.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Red Cross Novo Sarajevo and local Elementary schools
  Website (if available): /
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, especially children and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Children have large and pure hearts. they deserve a happy childhood, they are not guilty.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 8
  Good practice name: Education for everyone
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedOne little family from Syria came to Bosnia and Herzegovina looking for better living conditios. They lived together with one Bosnian family. Syrian family have two little boys who went to Bosnian school and they learnd Bosnian language.
Schoolmates accepted them first day.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Elementary school “Edhem Mulabdic”, Sarajevo
  Website (if available): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCv3hExUvwc
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, schools, media and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Every child deserves a beautiful childhood, education and friends.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 9
  Good practice name: 
Gratitude
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedAs a sign of gratitude to the local population, the migrants cleaned one section of the road near the receptive center Usivak with members of IOM.  
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM
  Website (if available): https://bih.iom.int
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice of inclusion of migrants into local population.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): In this example we have proof that migrant can successfully be included in everyday life and society.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://avaz.ba/media/2019/12/21/1132929/thumbs/h550.jpg
Number of Research:No. 10
  Good practice name: We are here today, who knows tomorrow?
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlighted
Several Syrian citizens currently find refuge in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They they sell handkerchiefs and so try to make money. One day, one Bosnian man in Gracanica, buy them food and chlotes. His words are: “
I want to help these people who were driven from their homes by the war, at least a little. Everyone should help them, because let's not forget, it wasn't long before our people found themselves in the same situation, so other nations, each in their own way, came to their aid, fed, dressed, provided accommodation.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)/
  Website (if available): /
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Bosnian people know how difficult is to went from home to find some hope and happiness.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): We have proof that migrants want to work and make money.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://avaz.ba/media/2020/03/05/1195485/thumbs/w873.jpg
Sources/Useful links/References
Disclaimer

This report constitutes one of the deliverables of the BRAVO-led “SLAM” project, co-funded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union. 

The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. 

For any comment on this research, please contact BRAVO: [email protected]  

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In this report have been used materials from all project events and public recourses and information.

© BACK2TRACK, BULGARIAN SPORTS DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, 2020

Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

A BRIEF REVIEW OF FAKE NEWS AND MEDIA DISCRIMINATION DURING COVID-19 CRISIS

Bulgaria

One of the main problems and challenges in the fight against fake news was the lack or minimal reliable information on the subject by the Bulgarian government. Incomplete or even contradictory information was often given to the public (especially in the days before the Government announced emergency measures). This was one of the reasons for the lack of trust in reliable sources of information such as national radio programs and television networks.

In Bulgaria, although the Government kept citizens informed of the state of the pandemic on a daily basis, many people trusted „fake news“, which increased the risk of panic and wrong decisions made by them. Hundreds of posts spreading misinformation about Covid-19 are being left online in social medias like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter including false cures, anti-vaccination propaganda and conspiracy theories about 5G. Social distancing in a pandemic was affecting internet traffic around the world.

The most common and worrying effect of the presence of fake news in Bulgaria was declining trust in the media. Fake news contributes to a growing suspicion of traditional media, leading to a vicious cycle where it becomes possible to use the term in order to discredit unfavourable news reports.

Montenegro

DFC (Digital Forensic Center) conducted a descriptive online indicative survey, with the aim of assessment use of the media and informing Montenegrin citizens about the COVID19 epidemic19. Respondents, 80.5 of them percent follow the news about the corona virus in Montenegro almost every day, 11.1 of them do that sometimes while 7.6 percent rarely or almost never. Respondents, 55.6 percent of them mostly or completely – trusts the Montenegrin media,  21.7 percent trusts them partially, while 22.7 percent do not or mostly no trust.

Citizens are most often informed about the pandemic on internet portals and through television, while that is the least common make through the press and radio. When it comes to trust in television, citizens have the most trust in TV Vijesti (45.5 percent) and TVCG (42.2 percent), followed by Nova M and TV Prva. Portal Vijesti has the greatest trust of citizens when it comes to informing about the corona virus on the Internet portals. The portals RTCG, CDM, Antena M, Analitika, Pobjeda, FOS and Dan follow. Almost 78 percent of respondents noticed fake news and misinformation about the corona virus, and most often such news found on social networks and portals.

Turkey

Examples:

1- The Claim that Dr. Ercüment Ovalı figured treatment out the medicine /

vaccine of the coronavirus is not true

Source: https://www.hurriyet.com.tr

2- The claim that the doctor in the video says people die from oxygen deprivation

of the coronavirus patients because of 5G

Source: social media

3- The Claim that All Outbreaks are Chinese

Source: social media

Italy

During the last period, some Facebook pages contributed actively to spreading fake news, such as: miraculous treatments to eliminate coronavirus, conspiracies on a planetary scale behind its phantom creation, conspiracy theories on the spread of Covid 19 through 5G telecommunications networks.

According to NewGuard's analysis, the two sites that have contributed significantly to the spread of disinformation on Covid-19 by sharing articles, are: ViralMagazine.it and FanMagazine.it. Both of these sites are not respecting the fundamental criteria of credibility and transparency. On the other hand, there are 30 posts on these pages, claiming that the Italian government would have prevented tests on migrants.

Various articles claimed also that coronavirus was created by China, hidden in a Wuhan laboratory with the complicity of the World Health Organization, and then spread all over the world.

The latest hoax is circulating on WhatsApp and other chats and says that immigrants would be immune to

infection thanks to the tuberculosis vaccine. Obviously, the scientific evidence denies this hypothesis.

Below a list of the most popular fake news in Italy:

  • Non-EU citizens are immune to the epidemic thanks to the Tuberculosis vaccine
  • There is a correlation between the covid-19 and the 5G network
  • Coronavirus leads to sterility, especially for men
  • Children are immune to the coronavirus
  • The coronavirus is cured with water and bicarbonate
  • The essential oils of aromatic plants such as basil, rosemary, oregano protect against the new Coronavirus
  • Cutting your beard avoids contagion
  • Eating garlic can help prevent new coronavirus infection
  • Drinking a lot of water washes the virus from the airways and pushes it into the stomach where it is destroyed by the acid
  • The new coronavirus can be transmitted through mosquito bites

Albania

Since the moment of presence of Covid-19 in Albania, many fake news invaded the media. Some of them were speculating about the real number of infected people in Albania, or that the virus was intentionally created to reduce the world population. Let’s have a look at this specific news, which indicates that the Corona-Virus is created as a biological weapon.

“The Corona-Virus is a biological weapon. The virus is potentially lethal and an offensive biological warfare weapon or dual-use bio-war-fare weapons agent genetically modified with gain of function properties, which is why the Chinese government originally tried to cover it up and is now taking drastic measures to contain it”. This is transmitted by A2 channel in Albania.

Some other news were suggesting the best remedies based on folk medicine to cure or to prevent getting infected by Corona-Virus.

  • “Drink tea made by lemon and laurel”
  • “Use a lot of garlic in your food”
  • “Eat a lot of food that contain Vitamin C”
  • “Eat as much as you can, lemon and oranges”
  • “Use alcohol to disinfect your hands and use rakia to disinfect your inner organs” (Rakia

is a traditional Albanian alcoholic drink) -This news particularly made people, mostly men, to consume a lot of alcohol during the quarantine.

Links of fake news:

Serbia

In the domestic media, in the period from March 12 to April 12, a total of 43 false and manipulative information regarding the corona virus pandemic was recorded. This news were transmitted a total of 241 times through various digital and print media and television and shared more than 220 thousand times on Facebook alone. This was reported by the FakeNews portal.

Conspiracy theories took up 13 percent of the fake content of domestic production „It could be heard that the virus was artificially made, that the vaccine has existed for a long time, but also that the ultimate goal is the collapse of Christianity, chipping the population, collapsing financial structure globally, spreading 5G networks, the settlement of migrants, that everything was designed by ´people who rule from the shadows and manage the new world order´, and that everything was designed so that NATO would dust Serbia with sarin“, the study states.

Among the mainstream media, the most created and transmitted false narratives were noticed in „Informer“, „Serbia Today“ and „Espresso“. After the news was proven to be untrue, the media removed it in only 4.2 percent of cases. So, more than 95% of fake news about the pandemic is still publicly available in the domestic media.

Some of the sites which are following development of fake news and are working on constant exposure of fake news and problematic media content are listed below:

https://fakenews.rs/
https://www.bbc.com/serbian/lat/svet-52444412
https://www.cenzolovka.rs/tag/koronavirus/
https://www.raskrikavanje.rs/index.php

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram have played critical roles in sharing news and information, but also in disseminating rumors and misinformation. Fake news contained useless, incorrect or even harmful information and advice, which could hamper the public health response and add to social disorder and division. Some fake news also contained a mixture of correct and false information, which made it difficult to spot what is true and accurate.

Recent articles published on the website dispel widespread myths, such as:

  • Conspiracy theories
  • Misreporting of common symptoms and recovery
  • Prevention and treatment misinformation

Today more than ever, as the whole world is in the face of health crisis, residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina need quality and responsible news reporting, not only to identify disinformation, but also to provide sound public health advice and build community solidarity.

REPORT ABOUT SPREAD OF FAKE NEWS DURING COVID-19 CRISIS IN BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

PREPARED BY: NGO BRAVO (Sarajevo) Bosnia & Herzegovina

June 16, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Bosnia and Herzegovina on 5 March 2020. On 17 March 2020, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared a state of emergency in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 March 2020, the first death in the country from COVID-19 was announced in a hospital in Bihać. As of 12 July, in Bosnia and Herzegovina there were 6 877 confirmed coronavirus cases.

News and views about corona virus in Bosnia and Herzegovina have spread in a way that no health emergency has done before. Social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram have played critical roles in sharing news and information, but also in disseminating rumors and misinformation. Fake news contained useless, incorrect or even harmful information and advice, which could hamper the public health response and add to social disorder and division. Some fake news also contained a mixture of correct and false information, which made it difficult to spot what is true and accurate.

As the virus spread, so did the social media debates. On Facebook and Twitter, discussions have often taken place ahead of official announcements.

Recent articles published on the website dispel widespread myths, such as:

Conspiracy theories

Purported links between 5G networks and Covid19, claiming that the corona virus outbreak was directly caused by electromagnetic fields and by the introduction of 5G and wireless technologies.

Some sources have claimed the virus is a bioweapon accidentally or purposefully leaked from a laboratory. Similarly, conspiracy theories accusing China for manufacturing the virus or accusing different world business leaders of causing the epidemic to sell a vaccine were spreading on social media and various web portals.

Misreporting of common symptoms and recovery

Facts that people cannot recover from Covid-19 or that the ability to hold your breath for up to 10 seconds every morning is a sign people do not have the corona virus.

Prevention and treatment misinformation

False measures, such as traditional treatments and fake remedies, like eating garlic, drinking warm water with lemon slices or adulterated alcohol etc. Many sources reported how exposing to temperatures above 25 degrees can prevent and cure corona virus infection.

The COVID-19 pandemic is not only a massive health crisis. It is also a humanitarian and development crisis that threatens to leave deep social, economic, and political scars in the years to come. Spreading disinformation and misinformation about COVID-19 has very serious consequences, endangering public health and directly affecting people’s lives, as well as creating confusion, distrust and fear.

Today more than ever, as the whole world is in the face of health crisis, residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina need quality and responsible news reporting, not only to identify disinformation, but also to provide sound public health advice and build community solidarity.