Research for a “Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) ” in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Official project name:Structured Learning for Awareness in Media
Project acronym: #SLAM
Project lifetime: 15/11/2019 – 16/11/2021
Project number: 608486-EPP-1-2019-1-BA-EPPKA2-CBY-WB – SLAM
Project webpage: www.slam.net 
Project hastag: #SLAM
Project Facebook group:https://www.facebook.com/groups/712648785881624/
Introduction


Structured Learning for Awareness in Media” (SLAM) aims at enhancing young people’s awareness and critical thinking on the role of Mass Media as a challenge and precondition for more inclusive societies towards migrants and refugees. The Council of Europe’s Report “Media Regulatory Authorities and Hate Speech” (2018) underlines the historical significance of media in enticing and feeding the climate of hatred and violence characterizing West Balkan’s turbulent past. The Balkans are still a primary example of media consciously or even deliberately using hate speech for sensationalistic purposes, thereby supporting it and causing its recurrence and reinforcement at the societal level. Bosnia and Herzegovina has recently taken a foremost importance as a transit node for migrants and refugees seeking entrance in EU territory, a trend which the UNHCR (2018) recognized as exponentially increasing in 2018, from the 198 arrivals in December 2017 to the 666 registered in the peak month of March 2018. The strain posed on the local relief system by this surge has contributed to a growing sense of local unrest and discontent, which national mass media have so far been able to answer by providing the public with awareness and understanding circa the phenomenon, in many instances providing an amplifier to internal currents of distrust, hate and stereotyping. From the European perspective, significant indications might be extracted from analysing media coverage about the reception and integration of migrants/refugees. The CoE in its 2017 Report “Media coverage of the refugee crisis: a cross-European perspective” underlines the role played by media in fuelling societal hate speech as consisting in an abetting/legitimacy factor to explicit hate speech brought about by shallow and sensationalistic coverage. Against this backdrop, there emerges the opportunity of exploring the similarities, differences and potential synthesis among the different yet interrelated challenges faced by West Balkans countries and Europe within a transnational effort aimed at laying the grounds of a greater media literacy and critical thinking at the level of the youth and, by extension, of society as a means to provide an antidote against phenomena of hate speech and a building block of successful integration processes.


ABOUT RESEARCH:


–           Research on Challenges and Good Practices. A context report outlining the challenges of media coverage and literacy about migration/refugee.  A total of 10 national good practices of youth media literacy with concern to migrants/refugees’ issues to be collected by each partner organization.


–           National processing of data. Producing a Report exploring the gaps between national challenges and the existing good practices as well as outlining specific indications.


TOPIC OF RESEARCH:  “The Challenges of Media Coverage and Literacy About Migration/Refugee Issues”
Number of Research:No. 1
  Good practice name: Aid for Migrants
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedFrom the beginning of migrant crisis in Balkans IFS-EMMAUS tried to provide assistance for migrants, left captured within the borders of ex-Yugoslavian countries. Firstly IFS-EMMAUS provided food and hygiene assistance in Belgrade, and that support continued after they moved to territory of B&H, especially in Velika Kladuša and Sarajevo. In 2019 hundreds of migrants arrived in Tuzla where they usually stayed near Field office of Foreigners Service, and bus station from where they tried to continue their journey towards the EU. IFS-EMMAUS for months stands ready to welcome the growing arrival of migrants to Tuzla, coming across Serbia from Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Bangladesh, Eritrea, India and Sudan. More than 150 warm meals, tea and coffee as refreshment after a long and exhausting walk, were provided for this people daily, which is around 1.000 meals per week. They were provided with a shower, clean clothes and footwear as well as medical intervention in the form of repair and bandaging of wounds resulting from walking. We provide around 150 such interventions per week. Today IFS-EMMAUS runs two safe houses for migrants in Tuzla.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)International Forum of Solidarity Emmaus – IFS-EMMAUS
  Website (if available): https://mfs-emmaus.ba/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice how Humanitarian organization and NGO acted upon migrant crisis.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Good practice is because of the fact where government failed or didn`t want to succeed, civil society organizations did.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://www.facebook.com/mfsemmaus1/photos/a.379926768877524/1377084772495047/?type=3&theater 
Number of Research:No. 2
  Good practice name: Protection, advocacy and health assistance
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedDRC in BiH focuses on improving access to primary and secondary health care including psychosocial and mental health services to refugees, migrants and asylum seekers, as well as on enhancing the overall protective environment, with a focus on case management in SGBV (Sexual and Gender Based Violence) and timely outreach protection response to rights violations in border areas.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)The Danish Refugee Council (DRC)
  Website (if available): https://drc.ngo/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice how international NGOs help migrants in foreign country.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) decided to re-open its office in the country in late July 2018, with main office in Sarajevo and a field office in Bihać (Una-Sana canton) with activities implemented in Una-Sana, Herzegovina-Neretva, Sarajevo and Tuzla cantons, aiming at supporting the BiH authorities in managing increased migration flows and corresponding challenges in the country.   Programmatically DRC with the support of ECHO, UNHCR and UNICEF focuses on two main sectors of intervention:   Protection and advocacy on behalf of persons of concern Health assistance through support to direct health care responders
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://drc.ngo/where-we-work/europe/bosnia-and-herzegovina 
Number of Research:No. 3
  Good practice name: Migration Management
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedThe IOM, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and the Ministry of Security of BH, amongst others, are executing a project to implement certain parts of the Strategy and further build the capacity of the Ministry of Security to manage migration issues.   Bosnia and Herzegovina divides migration competences among a large number of agencies and though the capacity exists, there is a need to reinforce and enhance existing structures to ensure that the Ministry of Security can liaise promptly and effectively with the EU and other relevant stakeholders.   There is thus a need to strengthen mechanisms for collecting, sharing, and analysing data, and to augment the sharing of information. The strengthening of a structure to serve as point of reference for the EU and other relevant counterparts to attain any information pertaining to migration in BH, as well as an overview of the general situation in the country.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Website (if available):  https://bih.iom.int 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Building on existing structures of the Ministry of Security, such as the Sector for Immigration.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Serves to enhance communication and efficiency, but also the coherence of migration management, ensuring that all state and non-state actors in BH are able to pursue a consistent agenda.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://www.facebook.com/IOMUNBH/photos/a.1793229964238153/2787831321444674/?type=3&theater 
Number of Research:No. 4
  Good practice name: Inclusion in the BiH education system
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedTwenty-two migrant and refugee children residing in the “House for All” in Ilidza have been enrolled in the ‘First Primary School’ in Ilidza.   Inclusion in the education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina contributes to overcoming the trauma that these children have experienced and ensures their basic rights are respected. Within the EU funded project “EU support for migration and border management in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, World Vision BiH, in cooperation with UNICEF conducted preparatory activities for the inclusion of  migrant and refugee children in the education system in BiH.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Website (if available): https://bih.iom.int 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice of inclusion of migrants into the educational system.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): In this example we have proof that migrant can successfully be included in everyday life and society. It can be considered as completed inclusion when children have chance to pursue their education.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://europa.ba/?p=61685 
Number of Research:No. 5
  Good practice name: Clothing and footwear
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedSince September 2019, the Community Service Center PUŽ is one of the organizations that ensures the distribution of non-food items for people on the move located in Tuzla.   During this period, significant support in donations came from the Swiss NGO “Amel – be human help others”.   Amel in partnership with another organization Borderfree Association collected and delivered a significant donation of clothing, footwear, outdoor items and hygiene items that were distributed.   Through this action in the period from January to March 2020, over 650 people on the move got what they lacked, but above all the dignity that comes from being able to access clean clothes and quality footwear.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Community Service Center PUŽ
  Website (if available): www.puz.ba 
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): Having clean and quality clothes and footwear are life essentials.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: http://www.puz.ba/view-more/odjeca-i-obuca-za-ljude-u-pokretu/129    https://www.fokus.ba/vijesti/bih/humanitarne-organizacije-na-15-stepeni-u-bih-migranti-ce-umirati-od-smrzavanja/1317134/ 
Number of Research:No. 6
  Good practice name: Letter of Humanity
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedMuslim congregation and Elementary school “Zalik” from Salakovac help migrant and refugee with Packets of food, children's toys, hygiene and letter of hope that one day everything will be fine. The idea was developed in the memory of several of our members who during the war as children received packages with toys from their peers from all over the world, so they wished that their children today send similar messages of condolence to their peers staying at the Salakovac Center.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Muslim congregation and Elementary school “Zalik”
  Website (if available): https://kiosk.ba/postovi/vijesti/bih/dzemat-i-osnovna-skola-zalik-pomogli-migrante-u-salakovcu/6658/
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, media and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Packets of food, children's toys and hygiene items for children’s smiles.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  https://kiosk.ba/DynamicContent/images/posts/6658/salakovac-pomoc.jpg
Number of Research:No. 7
  Good practice name: Humanity first
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedRed Cross  Novo Sarajevo with some local Elementary school prepared food packages and hygiene. Students made packages with toys, clothes and some letter for the children. They made it with love.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Red Cross Novo Sarajevo and local Elementary schools
  Website (if available): /
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, especially children and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Children have large and pure hearts. they deserve a happy childhood, they are not guilty.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 8
  Good practice name: Education for everyone
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedOne little family from Syria came to Bosnia and Herzegovina looking for better living conditios. They lived together with one Bosnian family. Syrian family have two little boys who went to Bosnian school and they learnd Bosnian language.
Schoolmates accepted them first day.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)Elementary school “Edhem Mulabdic”, Sarajevo
  Website (if available): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCv3hExUvwc
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Example of good practice how citizens, schools, media and NGOs help migrants.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): 
Every child deserves a beautiful childhood, education and friends.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: ………………………
Number of Research:No. 9
  Good practice name: 
Gratitude
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlightedAs a sign of gratitude to the local population, the migrants cleaned one section of the road near the receptive center Usivak with members of IOM.  
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)IOM
  Website (if available): https://bih.iom.int
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Good practice of inclusion of migrants into local population.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): In this example we have proof that migrant can successfully be included in everyday life and society.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://avaz.ba/media/2019/12/21/1132929/thumbs/h550.jpg
Number of Research:No. 10
  Good practice name: We are here today, who knows tomorrow?
  Country of implementation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Short description:  Short description of good practice to be highlighted
Several Syrian citizens currently find refuge in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They they sell handkerchiefs and so try to make money. One day, one Bosnian man in Gracanica, buy them food and chlotes. His words are: “
I want to help these people who were driven from their homes by the war, at least a little. Everyone should help them, because let's not forget, it wasn't long before our people found themselves in the same situation, so other nations, each in their own way, came to their aid, fed, dressed, provided accommodation.
Organization that has implemented the good practice:  (name of the organization)/
  Website (if available): /
What aspect of good governance is covering the mentioned practice:  (ex. Good practices how media supported migrant and refugee crises in your country, how media shared positive stories, etc.) Bosnian people know how difficult is to went from home to find some hope and happiness.
Why can be considered as good practice and adopted by other media entities:  (full information of what is the good practice exactly and why it is useful): We have proof that migrants want to work and make money.
Picture:  Please attach to the e-mail picture or screenshot from the practice (please ask for photo rights or send us your own pictures)  Source: https://avaz.ba/media/2020/03/05/1195485/thumbs/w873.jpg
Sources/Useful links/References
Disclaimer

This report constitutes one of the deliverables of the BRAVO-led “SLAM” project, co-funded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union. 

The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. 

For any comment on this research, please contact BRAVO: [email protected]  

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